Combustion Portal


Open Burning

Open Burning

Introduction
Air Pollution Regulations
Solid Waste Issues
Stormwater Issues
More Resources

 


Introduction

The burning of leaves and brush, other vegetation, backyard trash burning, as well as construction site refuse burning results in smoke. Smoke is caused by incomplete combustion and it contains a number of hazardous air pollutants. Some of the components of smoke can cause cancer as well as other adverse health effects.


Air Pollution Regulations

Regulations restricting or prohibiting open burning are typically written and enforced by state, regional, and/or local governments. These rules are aimed at reducing the generation of smoke, preventing smoke and ash from impacting people and the environment, and preventing wildfires. Examples of typical regulations are given below:

Use the links below to find out about open burning rules in your area.

AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA
HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD
MA MI MS MO MN MT NE NV NH NJ
NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC
SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY

Note: For some states, little or no program information on open burning was located. Please help us improve this resource by reporting any errors by or providing suggested additions to this information via email to George Cushnie.

Alabama

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Alaska

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Arizona

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Arkansas

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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California

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Colorado

Open burning information
Open burning permits
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Connecticut

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Delaware

Open burning information}
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Florida

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Georgia

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Hawaii

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Idaho

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Illinois

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Indiana

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Iowa

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Kansas

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Kentucky

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Louisiana

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Maine

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Maryland

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Massachusetts

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Michigan

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Minnesota

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Mississippi

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Missouri

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Montana

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Nebraska

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Nevada

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

New Hampshire

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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New Jersey

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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New Mexico

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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New York

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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North Carolina

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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North Dakota

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Ohio

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Oklahoma

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Oregon

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Pennsylvania

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Rhode Island

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

South Carolina

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

South Dakota

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Tennessee

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Texas

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other

Utah

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Vermont

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Virginia

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Washington

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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West Virginia

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Wisconsin

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
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Wyoming

Open burning information
Open burning permits
Open burning regulations
Other


Solid Waste Issues

Residential open burning of solid waste (e.g. in 55-gallon drums, etc.) produces ash that can contain toxic metals such as mercury, lead, chromium and arsenic. State and local solid waste rules may limit residential disposal options. Commercial sites (e.g., construction) must abide by federal/state solid waste disposal regulations, including hazardous waste regulations, if applicable. For more information on state regulations, see Hazardous Waste Resource Locator and Solid Waste Resource Locator.


Stormwater Issues

Open burning pits at construction sites need to be addressed by the stormwater pollution prevention plans (SWPPP). See Construction Industry Compliance Assistance (CICA) Center and the Stormwater Resource Locator for state specific information.


More Resources

Open Burning and Environmental Alternatives. A collection of videos and documents organized by EPA.

BurnBarrels.org. Information concerning the impacts of backyard refuse burning.

Construction & Demolition Debris Resource Locator. C&D wastes are a major source of solid waste. Locate regulatory information and other compliance assistance, lists of C&D landfills, and pollution prevention resources for your state.